It would be completely wrong to say that people are unknown of heart disease. Unlike earlier, people are now more prone to heart disease that there is hardly anyone who has not heard of heart ailments. Heart problems are casting its evil shadow upon society so massively that it has become the biggest killer in most countries. In this scenario, it is ardently important to educate people about this disease.
While we all know about factors that causes it or precaution that should be taken to prevent, most people are unaware of the types of heart diseases. Well, you should say that it is not of any significance to common people and only medical practitioners should know about it. However, this knowledge can help you to diagnose the disease in initial stage before it takes a toll on your health. Read on to know the types of heart diseases that may occur in human body.
Common Types of Heart Diseases
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease is most common among other heart diseases. It is caused when the arteries carrying blood to the heart is blocked.
This happens when the passage inside the artery become narrow due to formation of plague as result of fat deposit. Therefore, it hinders passage of blood and oxygen to the heart causing chest pain followed by heart attack.
Arrhythmia is the condition when the heart beats divert from usual rhythm and become irregular. In this condition, heart beat can be too slow, very fast or irregular. Blood flow with immense speed towards heart can damage the heart muscles resulting in even heart failure.
Some of the types of arrhythmia that are commonly diagnosed in human are atrial fibrillation, premature ventricular contractions, and bradyarrhythmias.
Congenital Heart Disease
Unlike other types of heart diseases, congenital heart disease CHD is a birth defect. Individual with CHD suffers with the symptoms since birth. This ailment has been found in one of every100 births.
Common cardiac defects related to congenital heart disease are atrial septal defects and ventricular septal defects which are the caused when the wall separating the right and left camber of the heart is entirely blocked. Another type of CHD is patent ductus arteriosus in which ductus arteriosis does not shut down soon after birth.
The function of heart is controlled by valves which are situated at the entrance and exit of every heart chamber. Therefore, along with four chambers, heart comprises four valves. And the main function of the valve is to maintain a proper blood flow inside and outside of the chambers. But if the valves are weak or could not perform their function efficiently, it cause heart problems like stenosis and mitral valve prolapse which affects the functioning of the heart.
Cardiomegaly or enlarged heart is a rare type of heart disease. It is mostly caused due to high blood pressure or coronary heart disease. Enlarged heart is not able to pump blood efficiently and cause congestive heart problem. This heart condition may improve with time, but it needs a lifelong medical treatment.