[toc]There are many ways to treat a heart attack. Although, it is a very sudden and alarming situation but treatment options are there. In case, it is a minor attack for a short duration of time, there are some natural and instant ways to treat it.
In case it is a major attack, it requires proper medical attention, regular medicines, diet chart, physical exercise and may even require surgery. In all cases, treatment for heart attack aims at restoring the blood circulation to the arteries. Let us have a closer look at how to treat a heart attack:
5 Various Treatment For Heart Attack
The most preferred choice for a severe heart attack is an “angioplasty.” As this is an emergency treatment, it is suggested that it should be undertaken within 12 hours of the heart attack.
In this treatment, the idea is to mechanically enlarge an otherwise obstructed artery. An empty “balloon catheter” is inserted into the arteries and then with the help of water pressure it gets inflated. The inflated balloon forces the walls of the white blood cells to expand ensuring steady blood flow.
An instant treatment for heart attack requires the patient to slowly chew almost 300 mg of aspirin. It is mandatory that the tablet is broken into smaller pieces or smaller doses (baby aspirin) is chewed and not swallowed.
This is because chewing the tablet is more effective than swallowing it. Aspirin contains chemicals that affect the blood platelets instantly causing the blood to thin down and prevent from clotting. This in turn ensures that for the time being the blood circulation does not stop.
Another effective way to immediately treat a heart attack is by checking the posture of the patient. It is important to ensure that the person is sitting with his knees raised. His back should be straight and should have a support.
This posture ensures heavy breathing which facilitates blood circulation. To help him further, loosen his clothes, especially if he is wearing a tie and ensure that he is calm and still. Any form of nervousness will instantly raise the force of the attack.
The most common and the most effective way of treating a person having a heart attack is by providing him with instant CPR. It involves pumping at the chest or compressing it at about 2 inches for at least 25 to 30 times. The compressions should be quick and steady.
Next, the patient’s head should be tilted back and the chin lifted. Close the nose and blow air into the mouth giving 2 breaths at a time. It is expected that the patient will start breathing again or at least show movement.
Medicines For Clot-Busting
There are certain medicines which are known as “clot busters” such as Thrombolytic. These medicines are usually used to ensure that clots formed in the blood are dissolved so that any blockage formed in the coronary arteries is cleared.
In order to ensure that the medicines are most effective they must be given within 30 minutes to 6 hours after which some other form of treatment has to be incorporated. Some of these medicines however have severe side effects and the medical history of the patient must be checked.
As such, it can be said that treatment for a heart attack requires speedy action. If not in an emergency room, it requires the cooperation of the patient as well as the person rendering the treatment.