[toc]Matters of heart are complicated and not to be taken lightly . Most of the heart problems stem from our lifestyle and habits. Fatty and junk food, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, genetic factors, sedentary lifestyle are some of the causes behind the heart diseases. In this feature we will discuss the common heart diseases and various options that are available for treating them.
Heart diseases are also referred to as cardiovascular diseases. These diseases involve dysfunction of heart, vessels, capillaries and heart valves. The diseases include valvular heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, arrhythmia, congenital heart disease, Rheumatic heart disease, heart failure and cardiomyopathy.
5 Heart Disease Treatments
Depending on the disease there are various options open for a patient suffering from the diseases of circulatory system that range from non-invasive to deeply invasive treatments. In cases where there is no or mild damage to circulatory system, the person may be put on medicines. Medicines for blood pressure and anxiety might be administered on such patients. Statins group of medicines have been found to be effective in controlling and managing the heart conditions and its diseases.
Angioplasty involves introducing a deflated balloon into blood stream and then inflating it inside the artery to a predetermined extent, that cuts through cholesterol and plaque to clear the path for blood flow. It basically involves widening the passageway for blood.
After a session of angioplasty there is a marked improvement, however it is necessary to modify the lifestyle accordingly so that further sessions of this treatment are not required. The patient is on complete rest for a few days after this procedure. Aspirin with some anti-coagulant medicines are also recommended.
Surgery is required in cases of damage to the heart structure or severe dysfunction of heart and its valves. Heart and heart valves can be replaced on condition of a matching donor heart being available. Also, it carries the risk of rejection and infection after the replacement has been done. After surgery, there is prolonged period of rest recommended along with the loads of medicines to avoid side effects and infections.
Surgery is an invasive procedure that carries its own risks and dangers. The surgery may either involve repairing the damage or replacement of the damaged part. Therefore, surgical procedure can be divided into these two types based on its purpose.
In cases of medium damage to heart and its peripherals like valve and arteries, surgical corrections are possible. Doctors may perform a bypass or open heart surgery.
This is the first step to treating heart related ailments. Begin with quitting smoking and alcohol consumption. Graduate to rationalising your meals by cutting down the fats and increasing proteins. Include mild exercising regimen in your daily routine. Simple walking, swimming or taking up any sport can help this cause.
The idea is to be physically active and reduction of fat deposits in the body. Certain specific yoga poses can help with heart diseases and weight reduction. You can move to heavy exercises ones your body gets used to exertion. Fruit juices without artificial sugar and high itake of fluids can also help in reducing the cholesterol in the body.