[toc]Age spots affect a great majority of people around the world. They are also known as senile freckles. They usually occur in individuals above the age of 40. Age spots are a consequence of exposure of the skin to sun for long periods of time. Hands, face, and neck are common areas that are affected by age spots.
Treatment options for age spots can include IPL therapy, laser therapy, and chemical peel. Other types of treatments include medications and microdermabrasion. Let us try to understand different types of age spots treatments.
Best Age Spots Treatments
Age spots are commonly treated using medications. These medications can be in the form of bleaching agents or topical creams. Retinol and hydroquinone are known to be effective in treating age spots. Hydroquinone works by inhibiting the ability of skin to produce melanin. This results in de-pigmentation and helps in enhancing the natural beauty of skin.
Mild steroid therapy can also be used for treating age spots. Doctors also recommend sun protection factor creams. These creams protect skin’s outer layer from getting damaged and aid in effective treatment.
This form of therapy has become famous over the past decade. A special type of laser is used to treat age spots by dermatologists. This laser is focused on the affected region for known intervals of time. The number of therapeutic sessions required to treat age spots depends upon severity of disease.
Laser therapy may lead to minor discomfort or swelling. However, a numbing cream is often used by doctors to reduce this effect. The discomfort usually abates post treatment within a day or two.
Microdermabrasion means burning the outer layer of skin so that a new layer can be formed. This effectively destroys age spot regions. It is very effective in treating uneven skin pigmentation caused by exposure to harmful radiation of the sun. This is also a non-surgical form of treatment.
The outer layer, the epidermis, often contains dead cells. This layer is removed using a mechanical device. This helps in the formation of new cells and tissues in the affected region and consequently leads to even skin coloration.
Intense Pulse Light (IPL) Therapy
This treatment option is similar to laser therapy. However, it does not lead to any kind of discomfort or swelling. A type of pulse light (IPL) is used instead of laser to treat age spots.
The most common type of light used for treating age spots is red. The affected skin is exposed to this light source, which causes de-pigmentation and reduces age spots as a consequence. It is relatively safer compared to laser therapy and has no side effects associated with it.
Chemical Peel Treatment
This is a different type of treatment option. Chemical peel treatment is used to treat various types of skin conditions. A type of chemical peel or solution is applied on the skin and left for recommended duration of time. When the peel is removed, it destroys the outer layer of skin.
The newest skin is formed as a result of this. Glycolic acid and salicylic acid are commonly used for this type of treatment. It is wise to consult with your dermatologist before trying a chemical peel.
Millions of people around the world are affected by age spots. Age spots can affect the natural beauty of skin. The above-mentioned treatment options are effective and are commonly used to treat age spots.